Embedded Technology Guide Tech How to Configure DNS Server 2016

How to Configure DNS Server 2016


How to Configure DNS Server 2016

Domain Name System (DNS) is a critical component in any network infrastructure as it translates domain names into IP addresses, allowing users to access websites and services by using familiar names instead of complicated IP addresses. In this article, we will guide you on how to configure DNS Server 2016.

1. Install DNS Server Role:
To begin, open Server Manager and navigate to the “Manage” tab. Click on “Add Roles and Features” and select the DNS Server role. Follow the installation wizard to complete the process.

2. Open DNS Manager:
Once the installation is complete, open DNS Manager from the Start menu or through Server Manager. The DNS Manager console will provide access to all DNS-related features and settings.

3. Configure Forwarders:
In DNS Manager, right-click on the server name and select “Properties.” Go to the “Forwarders” tab and enter the IP addresses of your preferred DNS forwarders. These forwarders will be used when the DNS server cannot resolve a query from its own cache or zones.

4. Create Forward Lookup Zone:
To create a forward lookup zone, right-click on “Forward Lookup Zones” and select “New Zone.” Follow the wizard to define the zone type, such as primary or secondary, and enter the required information.

5. Create Reverse Lookup Zone:
Similarly, create a reverse lookup zone by right-clicking on “Reverse Lookup Zones” and selecting “New Zone.” Define the zone type and enter the necessary details.

6. Add DNS Records:
To add DNS records, expand the zone folder, right-click on the desired folder (e.g., “Forward Lookup Zones”), and select “New Host (A or AAAA).” Enter the necessary information, such as host name and IP address.

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7. Test DNS Configuration:
To ensure proper configuration, test the DNS server by using tools like nslookup or ping. Verify that the server resolves names correctly and responds to queries.


1. How can I check if my DNS server is functioning correctly?
You can use the nslookup command or ping a domain name to test if your DNS server is functioning correctly.

2. Can I use multiple forwarders on my DNS server?
Yes, you can add multiple DNS forwarders in the forwarders tab of the DNS server properties.

3. Can I configure my DNS server as a secondary server?
Yes, during the zone creation wizard, choose the secondary zone option to configure your DNS server as a secondary server.

4. How often should I update my DNS records?
DNS records should be updated whenever there are changes to your network infrastructure, such as IP address changes or new services.

5. Can I configure DNS server logging?
Yes, you can enable DNS server logging in the DNS server properties under the “Logging” tab.

6. How can I clear the DNS cache on my server?
To clear the DNS cache, open the command prompt and run the command “ipconfig /flushdns.”

7. Can I configure DNS security features?
Yes, DNS server 2016 supports DNSSEC (DNS Security Extensions) to provide additional security for DNS queries.

In conclusion, configuring a DNS server in Windows Server 2016 is crucial for efficient name resolution within a network. By following the steps outlined above, you can ensure that your DNS server is properly set up and functioning correctly.